Injection therapy is a pain relief treatment that can help to relieve back pain, neck pain and joint pain. Injection therapy is part of the comprehensive pain management process so that the patient’s pain is relieved enough to be able to engage in physical therapy for further relief.
Pain is a sensation triggered by the nervous system as a response to an injury or an underlying health condition. The most common types of pain include –
- Acute pain – Immediate pain following an injury
- Chronic pain – Long-lasting pain (over 3 months); typically associated with a chronic health condition
- Cancer pain – Pain that results from malignancy
- Referred pain – Pain originates in one area and spreads to other parts of the body
- Visceral pain – Pain caused due to an underlying condition of an internal organ
- Neuropathic pain – Pain caused by damage to a nerve or the nervous system
Common Injection Therapy Techniques
The most commonly utilized pain management injections include –
- Epidural steroid injections place anti-inflammatory medication into the epidural space to decrease nerve root inflammation in the spine.
- Facet injections to relieve pain arising from damaged facet joints in the spine.
- Medial branch blocks numb the medial branch nerve that feeds out from the facet joint and carries pain signals to the brain.
- Cortisone and steroid injections offer joint pain relief due to osteoarthritis, tendonitis, bursitis, gout and muscle injuries.
- Trigger point injections relieve pain due to a trigger point or a sensitive, sore spot in a muscle.