Kyphoplasty is a minimally invasive procedure to treat vertebral compression fractures. It is a great treatment option that helps patients avoid an open surgery. Kyphoplasty involves injecting a bone cement-like material to strengthen the fractured vertebra.
Goals of Kyphoplasty
Kyphoplasty procedures aim to treat painful vertebral compression fractures, prevent collapse of the fractured vertebra and restore normal spinal alignment.
The kyphoplasty procedure involves placing two tubes into the fractured vertebra, using X-ray guidance or fluoroscopy for precision. Small balloons are inserted into the fractured vertebra through the tubes. These balloons are inflated with a liquid. When the balloons inflate, the vertebra achieves original height and then the balloons are deflated, leaving an empty cavity in the vertebra. Bone cement is injected into the vertebra through the tubes.
The kyphoplasty procedure is performed under a local anesthetic and requires about forty-five minutes for each bone.
If you have significant back pain caused due to a broken bone in your spine, you may be a candidate for kyphoplasty. Kyphoplasty does not help with chronic back pain or herniated discs.
Vertebroplasty is another common treatment for vertebral compression fractures. But vertebroplasty doesn’t use an inflatable balloon is used to create a cavity for the bone cement. Your pain specialist will help you understand which of the two procedures is right for your condition.